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Title: Growth, morphology, ammonium uptake and nutrient allocation of Myriophyllum brasiliense Cambess. under high NH<inf>4</inf><sup>+</sup>concentrations
Authors: Piyanart Saunkaew
Prasit Wangpakapattanawong
Arunothai Jampeetong
Keywords: Environmental Science
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2011
Abstract: The effects of high NH4+concentration on growth, morphology, NH4+uptake and nutrient allocation of Myriophyllum brasiliense were investigated in hydroponic culture. The plants were grown under greenhouse conditions for 4 weeks using four levels of NH4+concentration: 1, 5, 10 and 15 mM. M. brasiliense grew well with a relative growth rate of c.0.03 day-1at NH4+concentration up to 5 mM. At the higher NH4+concentrations the growth of the plants was stunted and the plants had short roots and few new buds, especially when grown in 15 mM NH4+where the submerged leaves were lost and there were rotten roots and submerged stems. To avoid NH4+toxicity, the plants may have a mechanism to prevent cytoplasmic NH4+accumulation in plant cells. The net uptake of NH4+significantly decreased and the total N significantly increased in the plants treated with 10 and 15 mM NH4+, respectively. The plant may employ NH4+assimilation and extrusion as a mechanism to compensate for the high NH4+concentrations. However, the plants may show nutrient deficiency symptoms, especially K deficiency symptoms, after they were exposed to NH4+concentration higher than 10 mM. The present study provides a basic ecophysiology of M. brasiliense that it can grow in NH4+enriched water up to concentrations as high as 5 mM. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.
ISSN: 15733017
Appears in Collections:CMUL: Journal Articles

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