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Title: Methyl jasmonate increases the production of valepotriates by transformed root cultures of Valerianella locusta
Authors: Kittipongpatana N.
Davis D.L.
Porter J.R.
Issue Date: 2002
Abstract: Transformed roots of V. locusta (Valerianaceae) were obtained through transformation with Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains A4 and ATCC 15834. Six known valepotriates, including diavaltrate, acevaltrate, didrovaltrate, IVHD-valtrate, isovaltrate, and valtrate were the major components detected. An LC/PDA method was used in the quantitation of these compounds in the transformed root extracts. The treatment of transformed roots with biotic (methyl jasmonate, salicylic acid, yeast extract) and abiotic elicitors (CuSO4, HgCl2, CaCl2) was used as a strategy to improve the production of valepotriates. Methyl jasmonate appeared to be the best elicitor for valepotriate production, yielding up to a 7-fold increase in total valepotriate content, while HgCl2 had the most deteriorating effect on the production of valepotriates. Salicylic acid-, CuSO4- and CaCl2-treated roots showed significant increases in the production at a short duration of exposure; the production decreased as the time of elicitation increased. The highest total valepotriate content achieved in this study was 139 mg g-1 DW (13.9%) from transformed roots treated for 10 days with 100 μM methyl jasmonate. This amount was >50- and 12-fold higher than the values reported from the cultivated plants and callus culture, respectively, and was comparable to the amount reported from the high valepotriate-producing species Valeriana thalictroides Graebn. The production of diavaltrate, acevaltrate, didrovaltrate, and isovaltrate were significantly higher, while the production of IVHD-valtrate was lower and that of valtrate was similar to that of the control. The IVAL/VAL production ratio was affected by the treatment with methyl jasmonate but not by other elicitors. The use of transformed root cultures in combination with the treatment with biotic and abiotic elicitors offer a new route for high valepotriate production.
ISSN: 01676857
Appears in Collections:PHARMACY: Journal Articles

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