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Title: In vitro antibacterial activity of Psidium guajava Linn. Leaf extracts against pathogenic bacteria in pigs
Authors: Puntawong S.
Okonogi S.
Pringproa K.
Keywords: Multidisciplinary
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2012
Publisher: Chiang Mai University
Abstract: Guava, Psidium guajava Linn., is an important medicinal plant in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Previous studies of the in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of Guava extracts have raised expectations for the potential of developing medicinal compounds for human use. In addition, with increased antibiotic-resistant bacteria and drug residues observed in pork, medicinal plants, such as guava, might serve as an alternative source of medicinal compounds for veterinary medicine. In the present study, crude extracts from the leaves of P. guajava were obtained using three different extraction methods. The extracts were tested for antibacterial activities against pathogenic bacteria in pigs, namely, Streptococcus suis, Pasteurella multocida, Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium. The results showed that leaf extracts of P. guajava in water and methanol potentially inhibited growth of all tested bacteria, while extraction with acetone exhibited inhibition zones only in colonies of Streptococcus suis and Pasteurella multocida. The water and methanol extracts of guava leaves showed the same minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values against Pasteurella multocida (0.156 mg/ml), Escherichia coli (5 mg/ml) and Salmonella typhimurium (5 mg/ml), while the acetone extract showed the highest antibacterial activity against Streptococcus suis and Pasteurella multocida at a MIC of 0.312 mg/ml. In summary, this investigation provides preliminary information for using guava extracts to control bacterial diseases in pigs. Given this finding, the crude extracts of guava leaves show promise as an alternative antibacterial source for use in veterinary medicine.
ISSN: 16851994
Appears in Collections:VET: Journal Articles

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