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Title: Response of Inflamed Pulps of Rat Molars after Capping with Pulp-capping Material Containing Fluocinolone Acetonide
Authors: Louwakul,P.
Keywords: Dentistry (all)
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2015
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Abstract: © 2015 American Association of Endodontists. Introduction: Capping inflamed dental pulp tissue is currently a controversial issue. To reduce pulp inflammation and stimulate pulp healing, a pulp-capping material containing fluocinolone acetonide (PCFA) has been developed. This study was aimed to evaluate the inflammatory response and hard tissue formation of inflamed dental pulps of rat maxillary molars after capping with Dycal, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), or PCFA. Methods: Sixty maxillary rat molars were exposed to the oral environment for 48 hours. The exposed pulps were randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 10) according to pulp-capping materials (Dycal, MTA, or PCFA) and time (8 or 30 days). The cavities were capped and sealed with Fuji II LC. The animals were sacrificed after 8 and 30 days. Histologic specimens were prepared and evaluated for inflammatory response and hard tissue formation. Results: Eight days after pulp capping, all experimental groups showed disruption of the odontoblast layer in areas corresponding to the pulpal exposure. Acute inflammation was found in 80%, 60%, and 40% of samples in the Dycal, MTA, and PCFA groups, respectively. PCFA significantly decreased the pulp inflammation compared with Dycal. After 30 days, slight to moderate inflammation was found in all experimental groups. Hard tissue formation was found in 78%, 63%, and 100% of samples in the Dycal, MTA, and PCFA groups, respectively. No significant difference was found among the experimental groups. Conclusions: Pulp capping with PCFA reduced the inflammation and stimulated hard tissue formation in the exposed pulps of rat molars. It may be used as a pulp-capping agent in inflamed pulps.
ISSN: 00992399
Appears in Collections:DENT: Journal Articles

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